Tuesday, August 25, 2020
The Role of Health Personnel and the Public Health Nurse General wellbeing faculty and general wellbeing attendants have numerous obligations in a calamity that are basic to an effective result for the network. Their principally center is around the security and strength of general society. The wellbeing work force will survey the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s accessible assets by giving the vital help and recognizing their particular needs identified with the catastrophe. The social insurance work force additionally have the job of instructing the network and tending to any physical or psychosocial needs the network may have (Disaster in Franklin County: A Public Health Simulation, 2006). The wellbeing faculty will team up with the neighborhood wellbeing division to amass assets that are required during a catastrophe and facilitate with network administrations to guarantee the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s fundamental needs are met. These administrations include social administrations, volunteers and salvage laborers (Disaster in Franklin County: A Public Health Simulation, 2006). The wellbeing work force issue wellbeing warnings and apportion assets to coordinate the necessities of the debacle. This could incorporate giving transportation to expel individuals from their homes during a flood. It is additionally basic that the wellbeing staff discusses viably with general society and media to give refreshed data on the most proficient method to acquire help, how to get fundamental necessities, potential wellbeing dangers and to console the individuals of Franklin that they are protected (Disaster in Franklin County: A Public Health Simulation, 2006). The open nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s job during a fiasco includes helping patients in the crisis cover for emergency treatment aptitudes and overseeing drug. Anyway more accentuation is being put on populace based general wellbeing and debacle readiness. General wellbeing medical caretakers have increased an expanded information about the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s pattern wellbeing status, socioeconomics, condition and energizing assets. General wellbeing medical caretakers presently have an attention to helpless populaces in the network, who might be in danger in the midst of fiascos. This incorporates the old, impaired, psychological sickness and non-communicating in English inhabitants (Berman, Erb, Kozier, and Synder 2006). The general wellbeing attendant will direct way to entryway interviews. This is performed to finish a network appraisal to figure out who requires clinical consideration, who has any uncommon needs, for example, basic meds and clinical hardware (oxygen, nebulizer, and dialysis) and if the network has sterile food and water. The medical caretaker should likewise give basic instruction to help keep the open protected, for example, giving data about the nearby emergency call habitats for extra consideration and backing and neighborhood cover. The medical attendant can allude them to appropriate assets, for example, social laborers, instructors and safe houses (Disaster in Franklin County: A Public Health Simulation, 2006). Hierarchy of leadership The hierarchy of leadership that was utilized in the Franklin County reenactment incorporates the Incident Commander, Operations Section Chief, Medical/Health branch executive, Public Health Groups, Public Health Nursing Supervisor and the Public Health Nurse. The Incident Commander is the dynamic last power. The Operations Section Chief has theÃ¢ responsibility for dealing with all activities, regulating associations as per the occurrence activity plan and coordinates its execution. The Operation Section Chief likewise coordinates the readiness of operational arrangement, demands assets, rolls out catalyst improvements to the activity plan when essential and reports such to the episode authority (Wikipedia, 2013). The Medical/Health branch chief will coordinate, oversee and assess work exercises of clinical and nursing. General Health Groups will screen wellbeing status and recognize medical issues, by putting medical issues and wellbeing dangers in the network. They will assess the adequacy, openness and nature of individual and populace based wellbeing administrations. General Health Groups additionally create approaches and designs and uphold laws and guidelines to ensure the wellbeing and security of the network. The Public Health Nursing director is answerable for giving guidance and help to the Public Health Nurse and assessing their work (Wikipedia, 2013). The Public wellbeing medical attendant conveys straightforwardly to the County Public Health Director who is Zachary Burke. Zachary Burke works under the Operation Section Chief who is Rebecca Brower. Rebecca Brower legitimately addresses Chris Newhouse, who is the EOC Commander. The Public Health Nurse will likewise team up with different experts, for example, disease transmission experts, biostatisticians, earthy people, social specialists and such during a fiasco (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). The Community Nurse has numerous accessible assets to the Franklin people group when the person experiences a difficult that isn't inside her extent of training. A social laborer can help people who are encountering issues related with lodging, joblessness and funds. A social laborer can alsoÃ¢ refer people experiencing passionate trouble to an advocate. A natural Health Specialist can help keep up a protected situation by recognizing potential ecological issues, for example, a gas hole or compound spill. They can help instruct the network on wellbeing risks and discover answers for dispose of any danger to people in general by observing any potential perils or natural dangers to the network (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). The American Red Cross can give numerous assets that can help facilitate the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s enduring brought about by a debacle. The American Red Cross offers a lot of crisis help, for example, covers, cleaning supplies, comfort units, medical aid, food, attire home fixes, family things, clinical supplies, crisis transportation and so on. The American Red Cross can likewise give referrals to the administration and different offices giving calamity help. Another asset that could profit the network is the Federal Emergency Management Agency. This association gives catastrophe help to people or families whose property has been harmed or demolished and whose misfortunes are not secured by protection. Activities by the Public Health Nurse The principal living arrangement that the medical attendant played out a way to entryway meet was a man named Matt Westlund. Matt Westlund starts to tell the Public Health Nurse that his storm cellar is overflowed and the rack in his shed had crumpled which made a wide range of synthetic concoctions spill. Mr. Westlund is looking for help on the most proficient method to tidy this substance mess up. The general Health nurture obligation is to look for help from an Environmental Health Specialist (EHS). The EHS will survey and decide the most fitting approach to tidy up the house held dangers squander. The medical caretaker must demand that Mr. Westlund doesn't endeavor to tidy up this chaos and to hold up until the Environmental Health Specialist shows up. The Public Health Nurse must give Mr. WestlundÃ¢ with data with respect to how to tidy a flood up (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). The subsequent occupant is ladies named Susan Fuhr. Susan is incredibly disappointed and irritated. This family is at present without the essential supplies, for example, power, diapers, water and infant equation. The Public Health medical attendant can give Mrs. Fuhr the choice for her family to remain at a sanctuary for a couple of days where there are hot dinners, power and bounty different supplies. In the event that Mrs. Fuhr will not go to the asylum she would then be able to allude them to social administrations. A social laborer can help give the Fuhr family the best possible assets to support Mrs. Fuhr deal with her infant and the Public Health Nurse can furnish them with multi week of provisions (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). Rosario Alvarez is a Spanish talking lady who couldn't respond to the nurseÃ¢â¬â¢s questions as a result of a language obstruction. Mrs. Alvarez requires Spanish materials on safe food, water and a generator. As of now there is no earnest issue that should be tended to. TheÃ Public Health Nurse can organize an interpreter to make an encounter with this family inside seven days to address wellbeing in regards to food, water and the generator (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). Jason Fugate has a past filled with hypertension and presently came up short on circulatory strain drugs. The Public Health NurseÃ¢â¬â¢s need is to discover Mr. FugateÃ¢â¬â¢s clinical history and to take his pulse. On the off chance that his systolic circulatory strain is more noteworthy than 150mmHg, Mr. Fugate will be encouraged to leave his home and go to the asylum where his antihypertensive medicine can be controlled. Since Mr. Fugate pulse is 112/73, I would mastermind his prescription to show up by the following day (Disaster in Franklin County a Public Health Simulation, 2006). It is significant that Mr. Fugate is educated on hisÃ¢ options and permits him to settle on his own choice. Mr. Fugate must be taught on the signs and indications of hypertension and when to look for clinical consideration. The open attendant should likewise ensure that he has the fundamental things, for example, clean water, food, power and a working telephone line in the event of a crisis. It is significant that the medical attendant will catch up with all occupants to ensure their issues were tended to. Tending to the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s fears After the calamity, the network nurture must be eager to give physical and enthusiastic solace to all the occupants of Franklin County. The inhabitants will experience the ill effects of tension, dread, distress and post-awful pressure issue. The people group will be grieving the loss of theirÃ¢ loved ones and the loss of their resources, for example, their homes and loved things, for example, pictures. It is significant that the network nurture offers direction and backing to these families by offering assets and making referrals explicit
Saturday, August 22, 2020
She is a tall multi year old with short edited reddish-brown hair, a reasonable composition, green eyes, and steroidal round face shape. She is frequently contrasted with look like Natalie Portman in Ã¢â¬Å"V for Vendetta. Ã¢â¬ Since Hazel is determined to have thyroid malignancy, which has violated her lungs, she is compelled to convey an oxygen tank with her any place she goes. She will in general circle the plastic tubing around her ears, and drags the oxygen tank around in a little truck. Her old neighborhood is in Indianapolis, Indiana. In spite of a supernatural occurrence exploratory treatment called Phalanxifor, she is nothing near being restored. Hazel does things ordinary youngsters do: she drives, goes to classes, and feigns exacerbation at her folks. Be that as it may, she is bound to a versatile oxygen tank, she frequents the crisis room, and she has no clue to what extent her life will last. Her character is portrayed as wry, smart, and a pragmatist. We will compose a custom paper test on The Fault in Our Stars or on the other hand any comparative theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Her most grounded character characteristic is her mocking nature. She would live regular practically ridiculing and provoking the ailment she lives with, Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t disclose to him that the conclusion came three months after I got my first period. Like: Congratulations! YouÃ¢â¬â¢re a lady. Presently kick the bucket. Ã¢â¬ (Green, 84. ) She additionally is incredibly insightful. Ã¢â¬Å"I accept the universe needs to be taken note. I think the universe is unrealistically one-sided toward the cognizance, that it rewards knowledge to some degree on the grounds that the universe makes the most of its polish being watched. Also, who am I, living in history, to tell the universe that it-or my perception of it-is brief? Ã¢â¬ (Green, 168. ) Because of her fight with malignant growth, she sees the world at face esteem, underestimating nothing. Ã¢â¬Å"The world isn't a desire giving manufacturing plant. (Green, 96. ) in the first place, Hazel Grace Lancaster, a sixteen-year old young lady with terminal disease was pulled out of school at thirteen years old and once in a while associates with individuals her age. In the wake of being determined to have clinical despondency, she joins a care group for kids enduring with malignancy where she meets and in this way experiences pa ssionate feelings for Augustus Waters, a seventeen-year old kid going away from osteosarcoma. They rapidly become a close acquaintence with one another and Hazel acquaints Augustus with her preferred novel, An Imperial Affliction by Van Houten. HazelÃ¢â¬â¢s endeavors at reaching Van Houten have been vain, however Augustus figures out how to get an email from their dearest creator, who welcomes them to visit his home in Amsterdam. In the story, Hazel and Augustus fly to Amsterdam, be that as it may, Van Houten isn't what they anticipated that him should be. He introduces himself as an inconsiderate heavy drinker. The youngsters wind up rankled by his discourteous aura and leave his home. In any case, inconvenience mixes when the couple come back to Indianapolis, and Augustus experiences a PET output which uncovered new tumors. In the rest of the long stretches of his life back in Indianapolis, Hazel sees Augustus gradually decaying and starts to separate intellectually lashing at her folks and keeping away from companions. Around eight days before his demise, Augustus requests to have a memorial service that he can join in, so Hazel and a couple of other malignant growth patients share their commendations with Augustus. At the point when Augustus at last passes on, Hazel is squashed, however she finds a mystery letter that Augustus had kept in touch with her, depicting his adoration for her. In spite of the fact that there are many shrouded subjects in this novel, anyway the most evident one is love. In spite of their malady, their relationship and aspirations blossom with. They don't peruse like terminal patients, yet they are characters the peruser can identify with Ã¢â¬ and consequently it is inconceivable not to shape an enthusiastic connection to them. Towards the beginning of their relationship, Augustus says, Ã¢â¬Å"You understand that attempting to stay away from me won't decrease my friendship for you. All endeavors to spare me from you will come up short. Ã¢â¬ (Green, 42. ) When they were in Amsterdam, Augustus admitted his affection to Hazel, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m in adoration with you, and Im not in the matter of denying myself the straightforward joy of expressing genuine things. Im in affection with you, and I realize that adoration is only a yell into the void, and that obscurity is inescapable, and that were completely bound and that there will come a day when all our work has been come back to residue, and I realize the sun will swallow the main earth well have, and I am infatuated with you. Ã¢â¬ (Green, 227) Finally, during AugustusÃ¢â¬â¢s pre-burial service, Hazel recounts a commendation, delineating her affection for him,Ã¢â¬ There are vast numbers somewhere in the range of 0 and 1. Theres . 1 and . 12 and . 112 and an unbounded assortment of others. Obviously, there is a greater interminable arrangement of numbers somewhere in the range of 0 and 2, or among 0 and a million. A few boundless qualities are greater than different vast qualities. An author we used to like instructed us that. There are days, a considerable lot of them, when I dislike the size of my unbounded set. I need a larger number of numbers than Im liable to get, and God, I need a bigger number of numbers for Augustus Waters than he got. Be that as it may, Gus, my affection, I can't disclose to you how appreciative I am for our little vastness. I wouldnt exchange it for the world. You gave me an eternity inside the numbered days, and Im thankful. As terrible as it would sound, my preferred piece of the book was when Augustus passed on. It tied all the remaining details in the novel and caused you to sympathize with HazelÃ¢â¬â¢s misfortune. The creator caught the voice of youngster culture, yet additionally really put resources into the lives of the two youthfu l heroes. GreenÃ¢â¬â¢s composing writing truly carried me to tears, leaving me with an unexplainable feeling of both vacancy and completeness. The Fault in Our Stars is the knd of book that submerges you inside its story when you read the main page. This is miles from any commonplace high schooler fiction novel; no words I could string together would ever do equity to how absolutely astonishing this book is. Once in a while, you read a book and it fills you with this odd outreaching energy and you become persuaded that the broke world will never be assembled back except if and until every living human read the book. The Fault in Our Stars is unquestionably one of those books. Green, John, and Irene Vandervoort. The Fault in Our Stars. New York: Dutton, 2012. Print. The Fault in Our Stars free exposition test The Fault in Our Stars can be deciphered to have many concealed implications. One of the most neglected and clouded implications being unforeseen occasions. All the more explicitly, John Green will lead the peruser on to one thing before confusing them. Green uses his insight into imagery, symbolism, lingual authority, and similitudes to expand on this thought. To start, John Green uses what is by all accounts his preferred composing instrument, imagery, so as to push his general subject of unforeseen occasions. He frequently alludes to the dim cigarette between AugustusÃ¢â¬â¢s lips (20). This shows up, as indicated by Hazel, to be GusÃ¢â¬â¢s hamartia. She thinks he has a lethal blemish until he clarifies the similitude behind it. This is the first run through the peruser witnesses GreenÃ¢â¬â¢s unforeseen occasions. Hazel Grace first feels Ã¢â¬Å"disappointment and angerÃ¢â¬ until she becomes more acquainted with Gus, and she in the end develops to appreciate the images. This difference in heart isn't normal by the peruser, and at first makes a feeling of disappointment in Augustus Waters. We will compose a custom paper test on The Fault in Our Stars or on the other hand any comparative point explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page The plot rapidly takes a turn in support of him, however, as the peruser gets familiar with him. Green likewise utilizes different devices to develop his general topic. Another way Green uses imagery in The Fault in Our Stars is through his steady reference to An Imperial Affliction. Hazel and Gus talk about the novel for a reasonable part of the story, making references to the abrupt finish of the book. They talk about how they couldn't imagine anything better than to know how it closes, yet would never discover. For example, their underlying discussion about An Imperial Affliction, Augustus says Ã¢â¬ I surmise Anna diedÃ¢â¬ (53). A supposition is all we need to give. Green keeps on demonstrating this in comparative manners, continually reminding the peruser that life, much the same as a book, can end with no notice. Next, a great deal of thought went into the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s utilization of symbolism. This thought is utilized a few times in the novel to show that things can happen when you wouldn't dare hoping anymore to. For instance, Gus and Hazel appear to make some extraordinary memories in Amsterdam until out of the blue, Green uncovered the way that Gus had been analyzed (once more) with malignant growth (214). Gus tells Hazel, and she is clearly visually impaired sided. This is one of the most clear examples where John Green really shows us the topic of surprising occasions. Additionally, Green uses extraordinary word usage so as to express what is on his mind. By the center of the novel the peruser feels an association with both the primary characters, and gets an inclination for how they talk. Hazel frequently utilizes ordinary young words, similar to when she says she has Ã¢â¬Å"lungs that suck at being lungsÃ¢â¬ (29). Augustus generally utilized progressively raised language, until the time had come to state something genuine. This is one way Green really alluded to an enthusiastic piece of the story. Gus would once in a while quiet his sense of self, slow down, and utilize ordinary language. These eruptions of unremarkableness would as a rule be trailed by awful news, for example, his determination on page 214. The unique activities of Gus would lure the peruser to anticipate something, however not part with the data. The utilization of allegories is likewise exceptionally clear in the book, yet the peruser may not generally comprehend what they mean. The finish of the story is a sort of Ã¢â¬Å"ahaÃ¢â¬ second where they all appear to meet up. The completion of An Imperial Affliction, for instance is an all-encompassing allegory forever. Hazel expects she is the Ã¢â¬Å"s
Sunday, August 2, 2020
Alum FAQs Hello again, you beautiful goobers. I guess this is not really so extraordinary of an appearance, seeing as I mightâve abused my powers as a blogger took advantage of another MIT-related communications outlet to tell you all about my life not that long ago. In fact, the time between my last post and this one is really not that much longer than the time between my posts when I was an actual undergrad blogger. That is probably a sub-optimal thing. But now Iâm back, with a little less self promotion, to join in on the blogsâ 10th birthday festivities. And while I hardly have any claim to sage introspection quite yet, I did compile an assumptive FAQ section. Away we go! Who are you? Sigh. Itâs only been a year since Iâve graduated, guysâ¦ Elizabeth, Course 20 class of 2013, lived in Simmons Hall. What have you been up to the past year? Ladies and gentlegoobers, I had my First Year. My First Year Out Of School. I worked part-time for Admissions and have been doing my full-time gig for the Office of Digital Learning. What does your typical day look like? Mostly fart around. (But really, Iâve spent the last two days working on a script for an episode on the biochemistry of farts. So, you know. Grown up stuff.) Wake up. Attempt to run (read: literally drag myself around my neighborhood because ) Walk to work. It really depends on the day, since I do production and communications stuff for Science Out Loud, but I work on program development as well. So sometimes I sit in a cubicle 9-5 by myself without speaking to another human being, and sometimes I am in a single-occupancy bathroom with 5 other people filming for all morning before shooting lasers in the afternoon and turbine engines in the evening. And then I tell myself that Im going to go home and work on a side project, but end up watching House of Cards with the boyfriend on his janky couch that is somehow missing 60% of its stuffing. ^Cast and crew. What is your favorite part of your job? A few things: 1. I get to learn about so many things everyday. Especially when it comes to script development with the students Iâve learned about humanoid robots, skydiving, exoplanets And lot about understanding education in our country. Also farts. I have learned so much about farts in the last two days. 2. The job is high accountability but also high autonomy. This is also simultaneously my least favorite part of the job. 3. Hopefully what Iâm doing will help kiddos realize that science isnât just for the old white dudes in ivory towers. Do you miss being in college? Nope. College, high school, grad school, all the chapters of your life these are all meant to be temporally-finite experiences. In fact, I made a really conscious effort when I returned to MIT last fall (after spending the summer at home), to make sure that I wasnât just hanging around old haunts* for the sake of familiarity and comfort. Made new friends in Boston, explored the city. There were things I still wanted to keep close, like playing in the Chamber Music Society and staying in contact with my peeps, so I did. But I definitely feel like life threw me an easy one and let me tiptoe into adulthood enough challenges to help me grow, but enough familiarity to help me stand on my own two feet while I do. It is a little weird sometimesâ¦ I distinctly remember walking through the Infinite Corridor for the first time the fall after graduating, seeing all the students, and thinking to myself, I am not one of you. But at the same time, itâs been a really amazing thing to have all these new experiences and have MIT mean something entirely different and new to me. Im very, very thankful for the chance to have it mean something different to me. For all thatâs different, a lot hasnât changed. Iâve found myself plagued with the classic MIT I-Want-To-Do-It-All syndrome even more intensely since graduating because I assume that I have so much more free time without p-sets. Spoiler alert: I dont. And at this point it all goes to House of Cards anyway. *Insert generic library/MIT nerd joke here. Is is weird seeing this other side of MIT in your staff roles? Yes. I have seen how the sausage is made. No place is perfect, and MIT is certainly NOT without many flaws. But and I can only speak from an Admissions and Digital Learning/working with profs standpoint Iâve been struck and impressed by the amount of integrity with which people try to operate around these parts. How is your brother doing? Oh, this kid? Heâs going to be in SEVENTH GRADE. Can you believe it?! He lip-synced an ABBA song at camp this summer, so Ryan is kickinâ butt, as usual. (This year was Ryanâs first year at camp and my last one as a counselor.) Is the Admissions blogger gig as life-changing as the cruft are making it seem? tl;dr Yes. I could write a novel about how much it changed my life and how precious all of these people (including Admissions folks who are non-bloggers) are to me. On a more practical side: got hired as a blogger - started making videos for fun - started making videos more seriously and taking video classes - started talking to a producer while helping make Pure Imagination who introduced me to - CEO of production company and interned with him - learned about science television - got me my current job What advice do you have for MIT kids now that youâre out and have experienced the Institute from a non-student perspective? Dont forget to mind your manners while youre saving the world. Also, I will echo Nance and remind you that, like wearing Spandex, college is a priviledge and not a right. Whats Your Plan? Hahahahahahaha ask me tomorrow Do you have anything more sentimental to say? Oh come on. Enough tears were shed from Benâs post anyway. But here are some things I wrote back in the day. Advice, please! How do I life? Hope your road is a long one.
Saturday, May 23, 2020
Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2510 Downloads: 3 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Education Essay Type Cause and effect essay Did you like this example? Garba v.University of Maiduguri with Disciplinary issues in Tertiary Institutions Introduction A watershed moment in the landscape of the nations judicial decisions took place in the last century in the case of Garba v.University of Maiduguri Where the Supreme Court laid down a marker in respect of disciplinary issues in our tertiary institutions, and the limits and otherwise of the powers of institutions to punish erring students. The decision has been the subject of criticism, and it has been subjected to several scrutinies through several cases which has besieged the courts over the years. This article will attempt to reconcile disciplinary issues in the tertiary institution and the ropes that bind the various bodies that can prescribe the required punishment. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t waste time! Our writers will create an original "University of Maiduguri with Disciplinary" essay for you Create order Salient points were raised by the Supreme Court in this case on rules of natural justice and the fact that an offence which amounts to a crime punishable by a court was not within the remit of a university disciplinary board to pass punishment, until a court has first done so. The question is would the decision of the Supreme Court be different had the rules of natural justice being observed, and if the proper channel of judicial punishment had be carried out in the first instance. Indeed some commentators had stated that the Supreme Court decision raises concern as to the proper limit of all University disciplinary functions, the rights of an aggrieved student and the proper nature of judicial intervention in the domestic sphere. Is there a limit to the scope of disciplinary issues a tertiary institution can handle vis-ÃÆ'Ã -vis the enormity of the offence? This article will attempt to proffer answers to these questions. The Facts and principles laid down in Gar ba v.University of Maiduguri The extant law or enabling statute of most Universities have similar provisions that for the discipline of student. Section 18 of the University of Maiduguri Act 1979 is here reproduced. It provides: (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, where it appears to the Vice-Chancellor that any student of the University has been guilty of misconduct, the Vice-Chancellor may, without prejudice to any other disciplinary powers conferred on him by statute or regulations, direct- (a) that the student shall not, during such period as may be specified in the direction, participate in such activities of the University, or make use of such facilities of the University, as may be so specified; or (b) that the activities of the student shall, during such period as may be specified in the direction, be restricted in such manner as may be so specified; or (c) that the student be rusticated for such period as may be specified in the directi on; or (d) that the student be expelled from the University. (2) Where a direction is given under subsection (1) (c) or (d) of this section in respect of any student, the student may, within the prescribed period and in the prescribed manner, appeal from the direction to the Council; and where such an appeal is brought, the Council shall, after causing such inquiry to be made in the matter as the Council considers just, either confirm or set aside the direction or modify it in such manner as the Council thinks fit. (3) The fact that an appeal from a direction is brought in pursuance of the last fore- going subsection shall not affect the question of the direction while the appeal is pending. (4) The Vice-Chancellor may delegate his powers under this section to a disciplinary board consisting of such members of the University otherwise than on the ground of misconduct. The facts of the case were that following a violent student demonstration, the appellants, amon g other student were expelled by the respondent University for their alleged involvement. The students left on their trail criminal acts such as assault, theft, robbery, house trespass and arson which are serious offences under the penal code. The Deputy Vice Chancellor who was the chairman of the disciplinary investigative board instituted by the Vice Chancellor set up to investigate the matter was a victim of the student rampage. As a result of this irregularity and the issues of lack of jurisdiction on the part of the university and the panel, the appellants sought to quash their expulsion. They were successful in the High Court, but this was reversed on appeal by the respondent university to the Court of Appeal which held that there had been no denial of fair hearing and that the High Court had no jurisdiction Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âto state who should not be expelled from or admitted to the UniversityÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã and the High Court ought to have referred the matter back to the U niversity for necessary action, following the rules of natural justice. On further appeal to the Supreme Court, the main issue was whether the University had jurisdiction to inquire into and impose disciplinary measure for misconduct, which amounted to a crime under the penal code Act. This was answered in the negative. According to Obaseki JSC as he then was, who read the lead judgement, Students in all Universities and institutions of Higher learning are not above the law of the land and where obvious cases of breaches of our criminal and penal laws occur, the authorities of the University are not empowered to treat the matter as an internal affair. The learned jurist relied on section 33(1) and (4) of the 1979 constitution now sections 36(1) and (4) of the 1999 constitution. Which states thus: In the determination of his civil rights and obligations including and question or determination by or against any government or authority or a person shall be entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by a court or other tribunal established by law and constituted in such a manner as to secure its independence and impartiality. Whenever a person is charged with a criminal offence he shall, unless the charge is withdrawn, be entitled to a fair hearing within a reasonable time by a court or tribunal. In the opinion of it Lordship, since these provisions above were not followed. He concluded that the fundamental right of the appellants has been violated by their being punished for criminal offence without a preceding trial and a conviction by a court. Disciplinary Issues and present state of affairs The opinion of the Supreme Court is that offences against the laws of the land fall outside the jurisdiction of the visitor and Vice Chancellor. Juxtaposing this position with several disciplinary issues within the tertiary institution, is that majority of the disciplinary issues which could includes cultism, examination malpractice, personation, and so on are crimes against the law of the land and punishable by a court. It therefore means that tertiary institutions would embark on unending court cases before they could punish an erring student should the internal m echanism of punishment outlined in their enabling statute not adhered to. On this Ukhuegbe states that the: The exclusion of criminal matters from the disciplinary jurisdiction is very injurious to the administrative process. Ultimately, it will render the system completely ineffective since many varieties of misconduct fall within the spectrum of the criminal law The decision of the Supreme Court have given room for student to proceed to the courts at the sight of any issues with their parent school which in some instances has resulted in needless judicial exercise. In University of Ilorin v. Oluwadare the respondent was involved in examination malpractice, and he was subsequently expelled in pursuance to the enabling laws that established the University to set up a Student Disciplinary Committee (SDC) to try such offences. The respondent had the option of appealing to the University Governing Council. However he did not await the outcome of the internal appeal, but instead proceeded to the Federal High Court for the enforcement of his fundamental rights. The respondent contended that the SDC lacked the power to deal with examination misconduct which is criminal in nature and that the respondent was not afforded adequate opportunity to defend himself. On the other hand, the Appellants contended at the trial that an act of examination misconduct is a misconduct that can be dealt with by the Appellants under the University of Ilorin Act, Cap. 455 Laws of the Federation 1990 and that the Respondent was given a fair hearing while the steps taken by the Respondent in rushing to Court, after he had appealed to the Governing Council, was indeed premature and constituted an abuse of judicial process and also runs counter to the relevant provisions of Unilorin Act, Cap. 455, which allows appeal from the decision of the SDC. The court of first instance and the Court of Appeal upheld the argument of the respondent student. On further appeal t o the Supreme Court, Umaru Kalgo JSC who delivered the lead judgement by dismissing the appeal on the grounds that the case was wrongly commenced at the trial court which therefore robbed it of jurisdiction to entertain the case. He stated thus: In this appeal the claims are partly for wrongful dismissal or termination of appointment and partly for breach of fundamental right. . .the principal claim being wrongful termination of appointment, which ought to have been commenced by a writ of summons, which was not then all the claims, principal and subsidiary which flow directly from it, are incompetent and therefore ought to be struck out. The Respondent was thereby jumping the gun, as his case being a challenge to his expulsion as a student from the 1st AppellantÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s institution, is not one of those claims/reliefs envisaged by the Fundamental Rights Enforcement Procedure Rules. The right to studentship not being among the rights guaranteed by the 1999 Constitution, the only appropriate method by which the Respondent could have challenged his expulsion was for him to have commenced the action with a Writ of Summons. When an application is brought under the Fundamental Rights (Enforcement Procedure) Rules 1979, a condition precedent to the exercise of the CourtÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s jurisdiction is that the enforcement of fundamental rights or the security of the enforcement thereof should be the main claim and not an accessory claim. This case was a needless judicial exercise which ought not to have gotten to the courts in the first instance if the internal resolution mechanism of the school has been observed by the erring student. The Shortcomings of the Doctrine Apart from the known fact that frivolous cases have besieged the court as a result of the doctrine, like the case above, it has been submitted that the doctrine is difficult to reconcile with the administrative process of the University and it has in fact created more problems that it sets to solve. The first problem it creates is that the University authority can only discipline student after a courtÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s pronouncement where the issue touches and concerns crime. This will in turn create an unnecessary legalism into the administrative process of the University. According to Professor Hart To turn every hearing of every disciplinary charge into a formal public trial would be, at best, time wasting and at worst, might d amage young menÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s careers, and might sharpened and harden what has been a generally mild and even friendly attitude to those faced with disciplinary charges Another inherent issues with the doctrine is that there was no distinction of cases in respect of the nature and severity of a crime neither did it answer the question as to what happens if the charge was struck out for nolle prosequi especially where there is an unwillingness on the part of the State to prosecute. Another issue that was not clarified was that what happens to a student when a case is in court. Can such a student retain its studentship? To avoid a situation where the status of such student is elevated to realms that will result to internal disturbance, he cannot remain a student of that institution pending the determination of such case. It is advisable that he is suspended not as a punishment for his offence, but as a holding operation. Possible Exceptions to the Doctrine Section 6 of the StudentsÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢ Union Activities (Control and Regulation) Act provides that The provisions of any enactment, law or instrument relating to any matter to which this Act applies or relating to the admission or disciplinary control of a student in any educational institution affected by this Act, shall have effect subject to this Act. According to Okonkwo any determination of the courts to make an incursion in light of the GarbaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s case will be dampened by section 6 above. The Supreme Court also went further rather persuasively in the dictum of Oputa JSC as he then was in GarbaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s case that in extreme cases, there will an exception to this rule, where a student were to slap the Vice Chancellor, the effect of Section 36 of the 1999 constitution may give way. This position was supported in the cases of R. v. Senate of University of Ashton ex. Roffey and Gylnn v. Keele University where because of the ir peculiar circumstances, fair hearing or the principles of natural justice were dispensed with. Conclusions The GarbaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s case creates a divide in disciplinary issues in the tertiary institutions. Where would the line be drawn in respect of all disciplinary cases especially when it is clear that most if not all the misconduct are offences within the Criminal Code and Penal Code Act? And the courts in such instances must first pass judgement. The proper way to move away from the logjam created by this situation is for the Supreme Court to revisit the case according to Coker JSC Also, according to Uwais JSCUniversities should be permitted to deal domestically with minor criminal matters. Ultimately, the last remit lies with the National Assembly through the National Universities Commission to see to it that a law is enacted that will confer full powers on the Vice Chancellor or Rector as the case may be to deal with all categories of disciplinary issu es which might occur within an institution.  (1986) 1 NWLR (pt. 18) 500  A. Akinrele, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âThe Domestic Forum of a University- An Inviolable Sanctuary?Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (1986) 1 LPR 28   At p. 576  Supra Note 5  Section 63 of the Criminal Code Act provides for seven years in imprisonment for any person who manages or assist in the management of an unlawful society.  Section 1 of the Examination Malpractices Act provides for punishment ranging from fines and three years imprisonment for offenders  Section 3 of the same Act punishes impersonation by fines and prison terms between three to four years.  S. O. Ukhuegbe, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âPublic Law and the Disciplinary Powers of Universities in NigeriaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (1993)4 UBSLJ 16  (2006) https://www.nigeria-law.org/University%20of%20Ilorin%20v%20Idowu%20Oluwadare.htm accessed 14th January, 2014  F. I. Oshodin, Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âGarba v. University of Maiduguri revisitedÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (1998) LAWSA J. UNIB EN Vol. 7, 14  Supra Note 11  J.W. Bridge Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âKeeping Peace in UniversitiesÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (1970) 86 LQR at p. 500 quoted in Supra Note 11 pg. 14  C O. Okonkwo Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âDiscipline, Nigerian Universities and the LawÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã Nigeria Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, (1996) 21  Dictum of Lord Denning, MR in Lewis v. Haffer (1978) 1 WLR 1073  LFN, 1990  Supra Note 14, pg 35  (1969) 2 AER 964  (1971) 2 AER 89  Supra Note 1 at p.611  Supra Note 1 at p.608-609
Monday, May 11, 2020
1. Introduction Literature review The early 2000s recession was a drastic decline in economic conditions, which mainly occurred in the developed countries. From 2001, the Federal Reserve initiated a move to quell the stock market, caused successive inflation in interest rate, thus Ã¢â¬Å"plunging the country intoÃ¢â¬ the worldwide economic recession (Ruddy, 2006). The annual GDP growth rate dropped below 1% along with the significant downturn in U.S. housing and the stock market. From 2002, the economy started to recover from the recession: the GDP growth rate slightly increased every month, the monthly house price index increased and the SP index increased with an approximate one year lag. The year 2002 and 2003 are the Ã¢â¬Å"golden ageÃ¢â¬ of recovery. The annual GDP growth rate increased to 2%-3% and the housing price index increases significantly with a slight increase in stock prices in 2003. Interestingly, although the GDP growth rate and the house price index started to increase in 2002, the stock marke t remained in recession until the end of the year. Consumer Confidence is an economic indicator, which government should take specific actions to improve to accelerate the process of economic recovery. PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s confidence in the economy or their personal financial situation will significantly influence their purchasing decisions. A booming economy is likely to generate a belief that current financial investments will gain valuable profits in the future; a strong trend inShow MoreRelatedBrics, India, China And South Africa1451 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesI. Introduction The acronym of Ã¢â¬Å"BRICSÃ¢â¬ refers to a group of five emerging economies - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa which represent nearly 30% of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s surface and 40% of worldÃ¢â¬â¢s population . BRIC acronym was initially introduced by Chief Economist of Goldman Sachs in his report Ã¢â¬ËBuilding Better Global Economic BRICsÃ¢â¬â¢ (2001). In 2010 South Africa was added to this group of countries because of its increasing economy. Goldman Sachs in its long term outlook in 2009 forecastedRead MoreDetermining The Tax System Should Be Structured1748 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction. Arguably, the purpose of the tax system is to generate adequate funds to finance the smooth running of an economy, most especially in terms of redistribution of income to bridge the gap between the rich and poor. Designing and adopting a tax system that is efficient and fair is of great importance to the government and policy makers of any nation. According to Mankiw et al (2009) designing a system of taxation which is optimal has been a long standing issue which has been of interestRead MoreFactors Leading For Shortage Of Primary Care Physicians1533 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesphysicians A) Introduction: Shortage of primary care physicians Ã¢â¬ ¢ An overview of primary care. Ã¢â¬ ¢ A brief description of primary care physicians and their shortage. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Statistical and numerical analysis. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Research Question Ã¢â¬â What are the factors that created the shortage of primary care physicians? Ã¢â¬ ¢ Importance Ã¢â¬â Better preventative care to the people Ã¢â¬ ¢ Conclusion B) History of primary care and primary care physicians C) Ethical issues in shortage of primary care gap D) Economic issues in primaryRead MoreThe Federal Open Market Committee1571 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction What will happen if the Federal Open Market Committee brings back up the interest rates that have been down? 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Tadesse and Shukralla (2013) foundRead MoreHow Companies Are Managing The Foreign Exchange Risk Through The Use Currency Options1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesderivatives basically for the purpose of hedging. 2. Introduction The main body of this study is to elucidate how currency options are used by companies or organisations to support their foreign currency exchange risk. The value of a currency is said to decline, or depreciate, when there is an increase in the domestic price of the foreign currency. The value can also increase, or appreciate, which refers to a decline in the domestic price of the foreign currency (GarcÃ a MuÃ ±oz et.alRead MoreElder Self Neglect And Social Justice1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Elder Self Neglect and Social Justice Nicole Monson Submitted to Instructor Terry Lee, MSN, RN, BC, in partial fulfillment of NR410 Introduction to the Profession of Nursing Regis University January 29, 2017 Introduction Self-neglect in the elderly is an important public health issue. 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Demographic transition relates to inversingRead MoreThe Current Recessions Impact On The Residential Mortgage Market1514 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdegree of BSc (Hons) in Planning and Development Nottingham Trent University, 2015 CONTENTS PAGE 1.0 WORKING TITLE 2.0 INTRODUCTION 3.0 RESEARCH GOALS 4.0 LITERATURE REVIEW 5.0 METHODOLOGY 6.0 DATA 7.0 LIMITATIONS 8.0 SUMMARY 1. WORKING TITLE 1.1 Analysis of the current recessions impact on the residential mortgage market in the United Kingdom. 2. AIM 2.1 The overridingRead MoreDietary Intake Of Milk And Milk Products1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDoes dietary intake of milk and milk products stave off cognitive decline and dementia in older adults? Thesis: It is predicted that regular dietary intake of milk and/or milk products can reduce the effects of cognitive decline and dementia and/or improve cognition in older adults compared with irregular or nonexistent milk/milk product intake. Introduction: a. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020
10 AUGUSTUS BRINE Augustus Brine sat in one of his high-backed leather chairs massaging his temples, trying to formulate a plan of action. Rather than answers, the question, Why me? repeated in his mind like a perplexing mantra. Despite his size, strength, and a lifetime of learning, Augustus Brine felt small, weak, and stupid. We will write a custom essay sample on Practical Demonkeeping Chapter 10-11 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Why me? A few minutes before, Gian Hen Gian had rushed into the house babbling in Arabic like a madman. When Brine finally calmed him down, the genie had told him he had found the demon. Ã¢â¬Å"You must find the dark one. He must have the Seal of Solomon. You must find him!Ã¢â¬ Now the genie was sitting in the chair across from Brine, munching potato chips and watching a videotape of a Marx Brothers movie. The genie insisted that Brine take some sort of action, but he had no suggestions on how to proceed. Brine examined the options and found them wanting. He could call the police, tell them that a genie had told him that an invisible man-eating demon had invaded Pine Cove, and spend the rest of his life under sedation: not good. Or, he could find the dark one, insist that he send the demon back to hell, and be eaten by the demon: not good. Or he could find the dark one, sneak around hoping that he wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t noticed by an invisible demon that could be anywhere, steal the seal, and send the demon back to hell himself, but probably get eaten in the process: also, not good. Of course he could deny that he believed the story, deny that he had seen Gian Hen Gian drink enough saltwater to kill a battalion, deny the existence of the supernatural altogether, open an impudent little bottle of merlot, and sit by his fireplace drinking wine while a demon from hell ate his neighbors. But he did believe it, and that option, too, was not good. For now he decided to rub his temples and think, Why me? The genie would be no help at all. Without a master he was as powerless as Brine himself. Without the seal and invocation, he could have no master. Brine had run through the more obvious courses of action with Gian Hen Gian to have each doomed in succession. No, he could not kill the demon: he was immortal. No, he could not kill the dark one: he was under the protection of the demon, and killing him, if it were possible, might release the demon to his own will. To attempt an exorcism would be silly, the genie reasoned; would some mingy prelate be able to override the power of Solomon? Perhaps they could separate the demon from his keeper Ã¢â¬â somehow force the dark one to send the demon back. Brine started to ask Gian Hen Gian if it was feasible but stopped himself. Tears were coursing down the genieÃ¢â¬â¢s face. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the matter?Ã¢â¬ Brine asked. Gian Hen Gian kept his eyes trained on the television screen, where Harpo Marx was pulling a collection of objects from his coat, objects obviously too large to be stored there. Ã¢â¬Å"It has been so long since I have seen one of my own kind. This one who does not speak, I do not recognize him, but he is Djinn. What magic!Ã¢â¬ Brine considered for a moment the possibility that Harpo Marx might have been one of the Djinn, then berated himself for even thinking about it. Too much had happened today that was outside the frame of his experience and it had opened him up to thinking that anything was possible. If he werenÃ¢â¬â¢t careful, he would lose his sense of judgment completely. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢ve been here a thousand years and youÃ¢â¬â¢ve never seen a movie before?Ã¢â¬ Brine asked. Ã¢â¬Å"What is a movie?Ã¢â¬ Slowly and gently, Augustus Brine explained to the king of the Djinn about the illusion created by motion pictures. When he finished, he felt like he had just raped the tooth fairy in front of a class of kindergartners. Ã¢â¬Å"Then I am alone still?Ã¢â¬ the genie said. Ã¢â¬Å"Not completely.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yes,Ã¢â¬ the genie said, eager to leave the moment behind, Ã¢â¬Å"but what are you going to do about Catch, Augustus Brine?Ã¢â¬ 11 EFFROM Effrom Elliot awoke that morning eagerly anticipating his nap. HeÃ¢â¬â¢d been dreaming about women, about a time when he had hair and choices. He hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t slept well. Some barking dogs had awakened him during the night, and he wished he could sleep in, but as soon as the sun broke through his bedroom window, he was wide awake, without a hope of getting back to sleep and recapturing his dream until nap time. It had been that way since he had retired, twenty-five years ago. As soon as his life had eased so that he might sleep in, his body would not let him. He crept from bed and dressed in the half-light of the bedroom, putting on corduroys and a wool flannel shirt the wife had laid out for him. He put on his slippers and tiptoed out of the bedroom, palming the door shut so as not to wake the wife. Then he remembered that the wife was gone to Monterey, or was it Santa Barbara? Anyway, she wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t home. Still, he continued his morning routine with the usual stealth. In the kitchen he put on the water for his morning cup of decaf. Outside the kitchen window the hummingbirds were already hovering up to the feeder, stopping for drinks of red sugar water on their route through the wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s fuchias and honeysuckle. He thought of the hummingbirds as the wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s pets. They moved too fast for his tastes. He had seen a nature show on television that said that their metabolism was so fast that they might not even be able to see humans. The whole world had gone the way of the hummingbirds as far as Effrom was concerned. Everything and everybody was too fast, and sometimes he felt invisible. He couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t drive anymore. The last time he had tried, the police had stopped him for obstructing traffic. He had told the cop to stop and smell the flowers. He told the cop that he had been driving since before the cop was a glimmer in his daddyÃ¢â¬â¢s eye. It had been the wrong approach. The policeman took his license. The wife did all the driving now. Imagine it Ã¢â¬â when he had taught her to drive, he had to keep grabbing the wheel to keep her from putting the Model T into the ditch. What would the snot-nosed cop say about that? The water was beginning to boil on the stove. Effrom rummaged through the old tin bread box and found the package of chocolate-covered graham crackers the wife had left for him. In the cupboard the jar of Sanka sat next to the real coffee. Why not? The wife was gone, why not live a little? He took the regular coffee from the shelf and set about finding the filters and filter holder. He hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t the slightest idea where they were kept. The wife took care of that sort of thing. He finally found the filters, the holder, and the serving carafe on the shelf below. He poured some coffee into the filter, eyeballed it, and poured in some more. Then he poured the water over the grounds. The coffee came through strong and black as the kaiserÃ¢â¬â¢s heart. He poured himself a cup and there was still a little left in the carafe. No sense wasting it. He opened the kitchen window, and after fumbling with the lid for a moment, poured the remaining coffee into the hummingbird feeder. Ã¢â¬Å"Live a little, boys.Ã¢â¬ He wondered if the coffee might not speed them up to the point where they just burnt up in the atmosphere. He toyed with the idea of watching for a while, then he remembered that his exercise show was about to start. He picked up his graham crackers and coffee and headed for the living room and his big easy chair in front of the RCA. He made sure the sound was turned down, then turned on the old console set. When the picture came on, a young blond woman in iridescent tights was leading three other young women through a series of stretches. Effrom guessed that there was music playing from the way they moved, but he always watched with the sound turned off so as not to wake the wife. Since he had discovered his exercise program, the women in his dreams all wore iridescent tights. The girls were all on their backs now, waving their legs in the air. Effrom munched his graham crackers and watched in fascination. Time was when a man had to spend the better part of a weekÃ¢â¬â¢s pay to see a show like that. Now you could get it on cable for onlyÃ¢â¬ ¦. Well, the wife took care of the cable bill, but he guessed that it was pretty cheap. Life was grand. Effrom considered going out to his workshop and getting his cigarettes. A smoke would go good right now. After all, the wife was gone. Why should he sneak around in his own house? No, the wife would know. And when she confronted him, she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t yell, she would just look at him. She would get that sad look in her blue eyes and she would say, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, Effrom.Ã¢â¬ ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s all, Ã¢â¬Å"Oh, Effrom.Ã¢â¬ And he would feel as if he had betrayed her. Nope, he could wait until his show was over and go smoke in his workshop, where the wife would never dare to set foot. Suddenly the house felt very empty. It was like a great vacant warehouse where the slightest noise rattles in the rafters. A presence was missing. He never saw the wife until she knocked on his workshop door at noon to call him to lunch, but somehow he felt her absence, as if the insulation had been ripped from around him, leaving him raw to the elements. For the first time in a long time Effrom felt afraid. The wife was coming back, but maybe someday she would be gone forever. Someday he would really be alone. He wished for a moment that he would die first, then thinking of the wife alone, knocking on the workshop door from which he would never emerge, made him feel selfish and ashamed. He tried to concentrate on the exercise show but found no solace in spandex tights. He rose and turned off the TV. He went to the kitchen and put his coffee in the sink. Outside the window the hummingbirds went about their business, shimmering in the morning sun. A sense of urgency came over him. It became suddenly very important to get to his workshop and finish his latest carving. Time seemed as fleeting and fragile as the little birds. In his younger days he might have met the feeling with a naive denial of his own mortality. Age had given him a different defense, and his thoughts returned to the image of he and the wife going to bed together and never waking, their lives and memories going out all at once. This too, he knew, was a naive fantasy. When the wife got home he was going to give her hell for going away, he knew that for sure. Before unlocking his workshop he set the alarm on his watch to go off at lunchtime. If he worked through lunch he might miss his nap. There was no sense in wasting the day just because the wife was out of town. When the knock came on his workshop door, Effrom thought at first that the wife had come home early to surprise him with lunch. He ground out his cigarette in an empty toolbox that he kept for that purpose. He blew the last lungful of smoke into the exhaust fan he had installed Ã¢â¬Å"to take out the sawdust.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Coming. Just a minute,Ã¢â¬ he said. He revved up one of his high-speed polishing tools for effect. The knocking continued and Effrom realized that it was not coming from the inside door that the wife usually knocked on, but from the one leading out into the front yard. Probably JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witnesses. He climbed down from his stool, checked the pockets of his corduroys for quarters, and found one. If you bought a Watchtower from them, they would go away, but if they caught you without spare change, they would be on you like soul-saving terriers. Effrom threw the door open and the young man outside jumped back. He was dressed in a black sweatshirt and jeans Ã¢â¬â rather casual, Effrom thought, for someone carrying the formal invitation to the end of the world. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you Effrom Elliot?Ã¢â¬ he asked. Ã¢â¬Å"I am.Ã¢â¬ Effrom said. He held out his quarter. Ã¢â¬Å"Thanks for stopping by, but IÃ¢â¬â¢m busy, so you can just give me my Watchtower and IÃ¢â¬â¢ll read it later.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Mr. Elliot, IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a JehovahÃ¢â¬â¢s Witness.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, I have all the insurance I can afford, but if you leave me your card, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll give it to the wife.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Is your wife still alive, Mr. Elliot?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Of course sheÃ¢â¬â¢s alive. What did you think? I was going to tape your business card to her tombstone? Son, youÃ¢â¬â¢re not cut out to be a salesman. You should get an honest job.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not a salesman, Mr. Elliot. IÃ¢â¬â¢m an old friend of your wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s. I need to talk to her. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s very important.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She ainÃ¢â¬â¢t home.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Your wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s name is Amanda, right?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right. But donÃ¢â¬â¢t you try any of your sneaky tricks. You ainÃ¢â¬â¢t no friend of the wife or IÃ¢â¬â¢d know you. And we got a vacuum cleaner thatÃ¢â¬â¢d suck the hide off a bear, so go away.Ã¢â¬ Effrom started to close the door. Ã¢â¬Å"No, please, Mr. Elliot. I really need to speak to your wife.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"She ainÃ¢â¬â¢t home.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"When will she be home?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬â¢s coming home tomorrow. But IÃ¢â¬â¢m warning you, son, sheÃ¢â¬â¢s even tougher than I am on flimflam men. Mean as a snake. YouÃ¢â¬â¢d be best to just pack up your carpetbag and go look for honest work.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"You were a World War One veteran, werenÃ¢â¬â¢t you?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I was. What of it?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you, Mr. Elliot. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be back tomorrow.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t bother.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Thank you, Mr. Elliot.Ã¢â¬ Effrom slammed the door. His angina wrenched his chest like a scaly talon. He tried to breathe deeply while he fingered a nitroglycerin pill from his shirt pocket. He popped it into his mouth, and it dissolved on his tongue immediately. In a few seconds the pain in his chest subsided. Maybe he would skip lunch today, go right to his nap. Why the wife kept sending in those cards about insurance was beyond him. DidnÃ¢â¬â¢t she know that Ã¢â¬Å"no salesman will callÃ¢â¬ was one of the three great lies? He resolved again to give her hell when she got home. When Travis got back into the car, he tried to hide his excitement from the demon. He fought the urge to shout Ã¢â¬Å"Eureka!Ã¢â¬ to pound on the steering wheel, to sing hallelujah at the top of his lungs. It might finally be coming to an end. He wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let himself think about it. It was only a long shot, but he felt closer than he ever had to being free of the demon. Ã¢â¬Å"So, howÃ¢â¬â¢s your old friend?Ã¢â¬ Catch said sarcastically. They had played this scene literally thousands of times. Travis tried to assume the same attitude he always had when faced with those failures. Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s fine,Ã¢â¬ Travis said. Ã¢â¬Å"He asked about you.Ã¢â¬ He started the car and pulled away from the curb slowly. The old ChevyÃ¢â¬â¢s engine sputtered and tried to die, then caught. Ã¢â¬Å"He did?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Yeah, he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand why your mother didnÃ¢â¬â¢t eat her young.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a mother.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Do you think sheÃ¢â¬â¢d claim you?Ã¢â¬ Catch grinned. Ã¢â¬Å"Your mother wet herself before I finished her.Ã¢â¬ The anger came sliding back over the years. Travis shut off the engine. Ã¢â¬Å"Get out and push,Ã¢â¬ he said. Then he waited. Sometimes the demon would do exactly what he said, and other times Catch laughed at him. Travis had never been able to figure out the inconsistency. Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ Catch said. Ã¢â¬Å"Do it.Ã¢â¬ The demon opened the car door. Ã¢â¬Å"Lovely girl youÃ¢â¬â¢re going out with tonight, Travis.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t even think about it.Ã¢â¬ The demon licked his chops. Ã¢â¬Å"Think what?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Get out.Ã¢â¬ Catch got out. Travis left the Chevy in drive. When the car started moving, Travis could hear the demonÃ¢â¬â¢s clawed feet cutting furrows in the asphalt. Just one more day. Maybe. He tried to think of the girl, Jenny, and it occurred to him that he was the only man he had ever heard of who had waited until he was in his nineties before going on his first date. He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the slightest idea why he had asked her out. Something about her eyes. There was something there that reminded him of happiness, his own happiness. Travis smiled. How to cite Practical Demonkeeping Chapter 10-11, Essay examples
Thursday, April 30, 2020
The classic epic tale Beowulf is a masterpiece that stands out in the literature of the past. Many characters in the poem struggle to define their religion at the time because Christianity was recently introduced in their Anglo-Saxon communities. Among them all, the main character Beowulf showed the most indecisiveness. In his words and actions, Beowulf embodies both Christian and Anglo-Saxon ideals; however, they reveal him to be more of a Christian than a pagan. Through the eyes of many reading this poem, they would have guessed Beowulf to be more of a pagan; but, there are many more examples of Christianity than paganism. The basis of Anglo-Saxon paganism narrows down to two main ideals: fame and fate. Many natives of non-Christian belief believe in fame as a way to earn their title in the world. This was shown in BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude and speech only a few times. He showed some underlying beliefs in fame; such as, Ã¢â¬Å"I am old, now, / But I will fight again, seek fame still, / If the dragon hiding in his tower dares / To face meÃ¢â¬ (625-628), where Beowulf described wanting fame from every victory he accomplished. We will write a custom essay sample on Pagan or Christian? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although this occurred, Beowulf spoke of God more frequently than a force of fame. Another ideal Beowulf spoke about was the belief in fate. Fate was what Anglo-Saxons believed was the plan for their life, instead of believing in GodÃ¢â¬â¢s plan for them. Beowulf does mention fate when he describes the reason why he fights enemies, Ã¢â¬Å"Fate saves / The living when they drive away death by themselvesÃ¢â¬ (305-306 pkt). Both of these ideas refer to the background that Beowulf grew up in, a non-Christian environment. They do not, however, meet the degree of which Christianity occurs in this novel. Even with BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s pagan background, his actions of Christianity overtake his demeanor and attitude. The Christianity of Beowulf is first exhibited with his voyage to the Danes kingdom. He is called there because of the terrible monster that is stalking and killing the DanesÃ¢â¬â¢ people. Since Christians are usually characterized as people who help those in need, Beowulf displays Christianity when he goes to help others by killing Grendel. Even though it may seem like he is pursuing this monster for fame, Beowulf wants nothing more than to save these innocent people from Grendel and stop the murders, adding on to his Christian standing. When Beowulf first began acquiring his victories, he seemed to have a boastful attitude. Although, as he grew wiser that vanity turned into a humble approach. Humbleness, a highly Christian characteristic, was seen when Beowulf did not attempt to brag about his victory of slaying GrendelÃ¢â¬â¢s mother. He even credits the victory to God by stating, Ã¢â¬Å"The fight would have ended straightaway if God had not guarded meÃ¢â¬ . This explains how Beowulf turns toward more Christian ideals throughout the book and away from the old paganism. However, his words truly speak louder than his actions when it comes to showing his Christian identity. While his actions may see the degree of Christianity on a characteristic level, BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s words display just how frequently God is mentioned in his everyday life. Beowulf refers to God in many aspects throughout the novel. One of the first and most important references occurs when he talks about his upcoming fight with Grendel. Beowulf talks about the lack of fear he possesses for Grendel while speaking with Hrothgar. He applies this fearlessness to his belief that God will determine what will happen: Ã¢â¬Å"my hands / Alone shall fight for me, struggle for life / Against the monster. God must decide who will be given to deathÃ¢â¬â¢s cold gripÃ¢â¬ (267-270). Even stating that he needs no weapon, Beowulf is convinced that God has given him his gift of strength and will help him win the battle. This assumption is largely due to the Christian influence being brought upon him. Another prominent Christian reference is BeowulfÃ¢â¬â¢s death scene. As he is taking his last few breaths, he takes time out to pray to the Lord. A normal thing for many religious people to do, Beowulf looks back on his life and thanks God for all the goodness he has received. He even accredits Him for all the wealth he has acquired: Ã¢â¬Å"For this, this gold, these jewels. I thank / Our Father in Heaven. Ruler of the Earth / For all of this. that His grace has given me,Ã¢â¬ (816-818). In this final phrase of his life, Beowulf reiterates the basis of Christian life; the Lord is all the goodness in the world around us. In Beowulf, the novel, the ideals of Christianity and the pagan beliefs of the Anglo-Saxon decedents combine together and both are seen in each character. Beowulf, the main personality in the poem, shares this combination but has a distinct lean towards the Christian side. Even with the presence of fate and fame reflected in Beowulf, the frequency of paganism in his life cannot compare to that of Christianity. His actions show how he utilizes the classic Christian qualities and his words tell the reader how prominent God is in his life. Paganism may run deep in the Anglo-Saxon roots, but Christianity has made an everlasting impression on them.